Highlights and how to get to the Kitano Tenmangu Shrine.

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    北野天満宮-三光門-テキスト

    Kitano Tenmangu Shrine (北野天満宮) is a Shinto shrine which was built in 947 of the Heian period in Kamigyo Ward, Kyoto City.

    The main enshrined deity of Kitano Tenman-gu Shrine is SUGAWARA no Michizane (菅原道真), famous for the god of learning.

    It is also known as Tenjin-san (天神さん) and Kitano-san (北野さん), is particularly famous for its beautiful ume flowers and autumn leaves.

    The plum garden of the precincts is open from the end of February to the end of March every year.

    And the maple garden of the precincts is open from the end of October to the early December every year.


    Contents:

    1. History
    2. Information for visitors
    3. The seven wonders
    4. Highlights
    5. Sub-shrines
    6. Photos/Videos
    7. Goshuin
    8. How to get to the Kitano Tenmangu
    9. Hotel search & reservation
    10. Other tourist spots

    1.History

    Let’s study the history of this shrine with me.

    I think that we can enjoy sightseeing of this shrine more by learning the history of it. XDkitanotenmangu-02

    Kitano Tenmangu Shrine (北野天満宮) is a Shinto shrine which was built in 947 of the Heian period.

    In 987, the shingo ‘Kitano-tenmangu daijin (北野天満宮大神),’ was given, which is the title given to a Shinto shrine.

    Kitano Tenmangu Shrine (Kyoto), Dazaifu Tenmangu Shrine (Fukuoka), and Osaka Tenmangu Shrine (Osaka) are referred to as the Three Great Tenjins of Japan.

    北野天満宮-三光門-扁額

    In Japan, the shrine with the name of Tenmangu (天満宮) is a Shinto shrine worshiping SUGAWARA no Michizane (菅原道真) which is the God of learning.

    SUGAWARA no Michizane have a deep relationship with ume and Ox.

    Because Sugawara clan’s family crest is the plum blossom and SUGAWARA no Michizane was born in the Year of the Ox, Shrine precinct has many plum trees and images of the Ox.

    In addition, the family crest of the shrine is a bowl with stars and Japanese plums.

    北野天満宮-境内02

    北野天満宮-撫で牛

    On October 1, 1587, the Great Kitano Tea Gathering (北野大茶湯) was held in the precinct by Hideyoshi TOYOTOMI (豊臣秀吉).

    北野天満宮-北野大茶会

    During the Edo period, Tenjin was worshipped as the god of learning, due to the fact that Michizane was a great scholar and poet in real life.

    北野天満宮-境内01

    SUGAWARA no Michizane is still a popular god, as the god of learning, especially for students.

    Therefore many students visit this Shinto shrine in the school examination season.


    2.Information for visitors

    Address:Bakurocho, Kamigyo-ku Kyoto-shi, Kyoto, 602-8386, Japan
    Phone:+81-75-461-0005
    Foundation:947
    Main enshrined deity:Sugawara no Michizane (菅原道真)

    Precincts is open to the public anytime, but Odoi (maple garden, plum garden) and treasure hall are only open to the public on specific days (not fixed).

    Admission to the precincts is free, but Odoi, Treasure hall and plum/maple garden require an admission fee.

    kitanotenmangu-06-2

    ■Special admission information (Japanese text only)

    ・The worship method of a Shinto shrine and a Buddhist temple, please refer to the following article.


    3.The seven wonders

    There are “the seven wonders” handed down in the Kitano Tenmangu from old days.

    Please try to find it by all means!!


    ・影向松:Yogo no Matsu (the pine of advent)

    The pine tree on the right side of the entrance to the shrine is called ‘Yogo no Matsu’.

    It is said that SUGAWARA no Michizane will come down to this pine tree on the first snow day.

    kitanotenmangu-05-3


    ・筋違いの本殿:Illogical Hon-den Hall

    In most shrines, the Hon-den hall is at the end of the approach to the shrine.

    However, in this shrine, Hon-den hall is at the end of a passage separate from the approach.

    Because the other shrine (Jishu-jinja Shrine) had been already built in the place before this shrine was built.

    kitanotenmangu-50


    ・星欠けの三光門:The gate without a star crest

    Chu-mon gate of this shrine is called ‘Sanko-mon (三光門)’.

    Sanko (三光) has the meaning of the crest of star, moon and sun.

    However, this gate has the moon crest and sun crest, but there is no star crest.

    So this gate is called ‘the gate without a star crest’.

    kitanotenmangu-11

    kitanotenmangu-13-2


    ・大黒天の燈籠Stone lantern of the Daikokuten (Mahakala)

    In the precincts, there is only one stone lantern that Daikokuten (Mahakala) was carved.

    Daikokuten (Mahakala) has divine favor of the money.

    So, it is said that if you put pebbles on the mouth of Daikokuten, brings good fortune.

    kitanotenmangu-28

    北野天満宮-大黒天の燈籠02


    ・唯一の立ち牛:The only standing cow

    The statues and sculptures of cow in the precincts have a sitting shape.

    However, only the statue of the cattle of Hai-den hall has a standing shape.

    It is a mystery why only this cow stands.

    kitanotenmangu-16-2


    ・御后三柱(裏の社):Goko-no-Mihashira

    In this shrine, there is a place called ‘Ura-no-yashiro’ in the backside of the main hall.

    Three God called ‘Goko-no-Mihashira’ are enshrined.

    kitanotenmangu-17-2


    ・天狗山:Mt. Tenguyama

    In the northwest of the precincts there is a small mountain called Mt. Tenguyama.

    It is said that long ago there was an imaginary monster called a crow-billed ‘Tengu’ in this small mountain.

    kitanotenmangu-24


    4.Highlights

    This mark ‘*‘ is a pay area.


    ・一の鳥居:Ichi no Torii

    It was built in 1921.

    kitanotenmangu-03


    ・撫で牛:Nade-ushi (the rubbing cow)

    The shrine has a cow statue called ‘Nade-ushi’ (the rubbing cow), which is believed to help people recover from their diseases when they rub it on the same part as the sick part of their bodies.

    北野天満宮-撫で牛


    ・楼門:Ro-mon Gate

    Two-storied gate made in the Momoyama style.

    kitanotenmangu-07

    kitanotenmangu-08


    ・三光門【重要文化財】:Sanko-mon Gate【Important cultural property】

    It was built in 1607 of the early Edo period using funds donated by Hideyori TOYOTOMI (豊臣秀頼).

    kitanotenmangu-11

    kitanotenmangu-12


    ・社殿【国宝】:Sha-den Hall【National treasure】

    It was also built in 1607 of the early Edo period using funds donated by Hideyori TOYOTOMI (豊臣秀頼).

    One characteristic of this style is that the honden (main hall) and haiden (hall of worship), usually twoseparate buildings, are integrated, and connected by a low building called “ishinoma.”

    kitanotenmangu-15

    kitanotenmangu-16


    ・回廊【重要文化財】:Corridor【Important cultural property】

    It was also built in 1607 of the early Edo period using funds donated by Hideyori TOYOTOMI (豊臣秀頼).

    It has the role of a fence to protect the Sha-den.

    kitanotenmangu-18


    ・東門【重要文化財】:East Gate【Important cultural property】

    It was also built in 1607 of the early Edo period using funds donated by Hideyori TOYOTOMI (豊臣秀頼).

    Four-pillar gate, Kiritsuma-zukuri (gable roof style)

    kitanotenmangu-19


    ・後門【重要文化財】:Ushiro-mon Gate【Important cultural property】

    It was also built in 1607 of the early Edo period using funds donated by Hideyori TOYOTOMI (豊臣秀頼).

    Hiwadabuki (cypress bark roof), Hirakara-mon (flat gate with Chinese-style gables on both sides)

    kitanotenmangu-17-2


    ・透塀【重要文化財】:Sukibei (transparent fences)【Important cultural property】

    It was also rebuilt in 1607 of the early Edo period using funds donated by Hideyori TOYOTOMI (豊臣秀頼).

    Hiwadabuki (cypress bark roof), Richly colored transom window, Vermilion-lacquered lattice-window

    kitanotenmangu-51


    ・北門:North Gate

    Four-pillar gate

    kitanotenmangu-20


    ・絵馬所:Emadokoro

    It was built in 1699 of the early Edo period.

    It was designated as a designated tangible cultural property.

    kitanotenmangu-09

    kitanotenmangu-10


    ・神楽殿:Kagura-den hall

    Kaguramai (Japanese mythical dance and music performed for the gods) is dedicated here every month on 25th.

    kitanotenmangu-23


    ・宝物殿*:Treasure hall*

    Treasures of the shrine is possessed in this building.

    北野天満宮-宝物殿


    ・梅香水 (手水舎):Chozusha

    Chozusha (building for cleaning hands and rinsing mouth)

    北野天満宮-梅香水


    ・御土居【史跡】*:Odoi【Historic site】*

    Odoi is a mound built in 1591 by Hideyoshi TYOTOMI (豊臣秀吉) surrounding Kyoto.

    It encircles a rectangular area that measures about 8.5 km from north to south and about 3.5 km from east to west.

    It is only open to the public on specific days.

    北野天満宮-御土居01

    北野天満宮-御土居03


    ・御土居の大欅「東風」*:Large zelkova ‘Kochi’*

    Large zelkova of 600 years old called ‘Kochi (東風)’

    北野天満宮-御土居の大欅


    ・梅苑/もみじ苑*:Plum/Maple garden*

    The plum garden of the precincts is open from the end of February to the end of March every year.

    And the maple garden of the precincts is open from the end of October to the early December every year.

    北野天満宮-御土居02

    北野天満宮-梅苑


    ・茶室 梅交軒*:Baiko-ken (Tea house)*

    kitanotenmangu-26


    ・茶室 松向軒:Shoko-ken (Tea house)

    北野天満宮-松向軒


    ・太閤井戸:Taiko well

    北野天満宮-太閤井戸


    5.Sub-shrines

    There are many sub-shrines in the precincts.


    ・伴氏社:Tomouji-sha Shrine

    Enshrined deity:Mother of SUGAWARA no Michizane
    Divine favor:Growth of the child, Academic achievement

    北野天満宮-伴氏社01

    北野天満宮-伴氏社02


    ・火之御子社:Hinomiko-sha Shrine

    Enshrined deity:Honoikazuchi no Kami (the god of fire-causing thunder)
    Divine favor:Protection against thunder, Gokokuhojo (bumper crop)

    北野天満宮-火之御子社


    ・白太夫社:Shiradayu-sha Shrine

    Enshrined deity:Haruhiko WATARAI
    Divine favor:The pregnancy

    北野天満宮- 白太夫社


    ・老松社:Oimatsu-sha Shrine

    Enshrined deity:SHIMADA no Tadaomi
    Divine favor:Forest industry

    kitanotenmangu-35


    ・福部社:Fukube-sha Shrine

    Enshrined deity:Nofuku SOGAWA
    Divine favor:Good‐luck

    kitanotenmangu-36


    ・地主神社:Jishu-jinja Shrine

    Enshrined deity:Tenjin-chigi (the gods of heaven and earth)
    Divine favor:Good‐luck, Road safety, Achievement of various wishes

    北野天満宮- 地主神社


    ・文子天満宮:Ayako-tenmangu Shrine

    Enshrined deity:Sugawara no Michizane
    Divine favor:Academic achievement

    北野天満宮- 文子天満宮


    ・竈社:Kamado-sha Shrine

    Enshrined deity:Niwatsuhiko no kami etc.
    Divine favor:Protection against kitchen fire

    北野天満宮- 竈社


    ・野見宿祢神社:Nominosukune-jinja Shrine
    ・豊国神社:Toyokuni-jinja Shrine
    ・一夜松社:Ichiyamatsu-sha Shrine

    Enshrined deity:NOMI no Sukune/Hideyoshi TOYOTOMI/The soul of pine-trees
    Divine favor:Martial arts achievement/Success in life/Longevity

    北野天満宮- 野見宿祢神社01

    北野天満宮- 野見宿祢神社02


    ・一之保神社:Ichinoho-jinja Shrine
    ・奇御霊神社:Kushimitama-jinja Shrine

    Enshrined deity:Sugawara no Michizane
    Divine favor:Academic achievement/literature achievement

    北野天満宮- 一之保神社01

    北野天満宮- 一之保神社02


    ・稲荷神社:Inari-jinja Shrine

    Enshrined deity:Uganomitama no Mikoto etc.
    Divine favor:Gokokuhojo (bumper crop)/Business prosperity/Protection against fire

    北野天満宮- 稲荷神社


    ・猿田彦社:Sarutahiko-sha Shrine

    Enshrined deity:Sarutahiko-no-kami/Omiyame no kami
    Divine favor:Performing arts achievement

    北野天満宮- 猿田彦社


    ・宗像社:Munakata-sha Shrine

    Enshrined deity: Munakata Sanjojin
    Divine favor:Road safety/Marine safety

     北野天満宮- 宗像社


    ・大杉社:Osugi-sha Shrine

    Enshrined deity:Sacred tree
    Divine favor:Longevity

    北野天満宮- 大杉社


    6.Photos/Videos

    Kitano Tenmangu Shrine (Kamigyo Ward, Kyoto):北野天満宮(京都市上京区)


    7.Goshuin

    Sumi letter written as ‘Kitano Tenmangu (北野天満宮)’ and red seal of the shrine crest (bowl with stars and Japanese plums).

    北野天満宮- 御朱印


    8.How to get to the Kitano Tenmangu

    The nearest station is Randen Kitano-Line Kitano-Hakubaicho Sta.
    (We can also go by bus from JR Kyoto Station.)

      Timetable and Route Search

    ■Route Example (From Osaka Station to Kitano-Hakubaicho Station)
    kitanotenmangu-htg-06-en

    ■Route Example (From Namba Station to Kitano-Hakubaicho Station)
    kitanotenmangu-htg-07-en

    ■Route Example (From Kyoto Station to Kitano-Hakubaicho Station)
    kitanotenmangu-htg-08-en


    ■When you go on foot from Kitano-Hakubaicho Station

    It’s about 10 minutes (400 m) on foot.


    ■When you get on a bus from Kitaoji Station

      Timetable and Route Search of bus

    Bus company:Kyoto City Bus
    Routes/Destination:[Route No. 50, Bound for Ritsumeikan Univ.][Route No. 101, Bound for Kinkakuji Temple Via Nijo-jo Castle]
    Boarding bus stop:Kyoto Sta. [B2]
    Alighting bus stop:Kitano Tenmangu-mae (Kitano-tenmangu Shrine)
    Bus fare:230 yen
    Time required:About 30 min

    ■[Timetable] Route No. 50, Bound for Ritsumeikan Univ.

    ■[Timetable] Route No. 101, Bound for Kinkakuji Temple Via Nijo-jo Castle


    ■When you take a taxi

    From Kyoto Station:About 2,610 yen (30 minutes)
    From Gion-Shijo Station:About 2,290 yen (20 minutes)

    ・Let’s show a taxi driver the following phrase.
    kitanotenmangu-htg-09

    ・If you want to call a taxi, let’s show the following phrase.
    taxi-call

    [Phone number of taxi dispatch : Around the Kyoto Station]*Japanese text only.


    9.Hotel search & reservation


    10.Other tourist spots


    How did you like it?

    Please try to go.

    Have a nice trip! XD

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