The highlights and how to get to Myoshin-ji.

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myoshinji-04-txt

Myoshin-ji is located in Hanazono, Ukyo Ward, Kyoto City and is the head temple of the Rinzai sect Myoshin-ji School of Zen Buddhism (禅宗)

It is the biggest Zen temple in Japan!!

That also should be expected.

Of the about 6,000 Rinzai sect temples in Japan, around 3,500 belong to the Myoshin-ji School…!!
Among the Rinzai sect, the Myoshin-ji school is the largest school. 

In addition, Myoshin-ji Temple has a total of 48 sub-temples…!!
Ryoan-ji Temple (龍安寺), renowned for its rock garden, which has been designated as a World Heritage site is also one of these sub-temples.

In addition, a part of the precincts of the temple and the sub-temples have been designated as a historic site, a place of scenic beauty and Michelin green guide ★/★★.

If you want to see the huge buddhism buildings of the Zen style, please visit this temple.

So, I visited Myoshin-ji this time.

Contents:

  1. The history of Myoshin-ji
  2. About Myoshin-ji
  3. Information for visitors
  4. The highlights of Myoshin-ji
  5. The photos of Myoshin-ji
  6. The goshuin (red seal) of Myoshin-ji
  7. How to get to Myoshin-ji
  8. Hotel search & reservation around Myoshin-ji

1.The history of Myoshin-ji

Let’s study the history of this temple with me before introducing of Myoshin-ji (妙心寺).
I think that we can enjoy the sightseeing of this temple more by learning the history of it. XD

In old days, there was the villa of the Retired Emperor Hanazono (花園天皇) named ‘Hagiwara-dono (萩原殿)’ in the precinct of this temple.
He was a believer of Zen Buddhism (禅宗).
So, this imperial villa was rebuilt in 1337 and became the Myoshin-ji.
And this temple greeted Kanzan Egen(関山慧玄) who was a Rinzai sect Buddhist monk to the first chief priest.

Well, do you know the system called ‘the Gozan-Jissetsu-Shozan system (五山十刹)‘??

It was a system of the status of a Buddhist temple established by the Muromachi bakufu (室町幕府).
And it had a deep relationship with the Japanese Zen temples such as Myoshin-ji.

More details of this system can be found in the following articles.

Why was there such a system…??
The reasons are as follows.

‘The Muromachi bakufu wanted to control a temple which had strong powers.’

However, there were the temples which objected to the system.
One of those temple are Myoshin-ji and Daitoku-ji.
These temples were not consisted of those under the protection and control of the Muromachi bakufu.

Therefore Myoshin-ji has angered the Muromachi bakufu.
And the Muromachi bakufu confiscated Myoshin-ji Temple’s territory in 1399

Afterwards, when the sixth Shogun, Yoshinori ASHIKAGA (足利義教), a territory of the temple was returned in 1432.

2.About Myoshin-ji

Myōshin-ji (妙心寺 Myōshin-ji) is a temple complex in Kyoto, Japan, and head temple of the associated branch of Rinzai Zen Buddhism. The Myōshin-ji school is by far the largest school in Rinzai Zen, approximately as big as the other thirteen branches combined: it contains within it about 3,500 temples throughout Japan, together with a handful overseas, of the approximately six thousand total Rinzai temples, and also has nineteen associated monasteries, of the total of forty monasteries and one nunnery.
引用(citation):https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/My%C5%8Dshin-ji

Open:24 hours (Viewing of the Hatto hall is from 9:10 am.)
Admission fee:500 yen (High school student or older), 300 yen (Junior high school student), 100 yen (Elementary school student)
Address:64, Hanazono Myoshinjicho, Ukyo-ku Kyoto-shi, Kyoto, 616-8035, Japan
Phone number:+81-75-463-3121
Foundation:1337
Founder:Kanzan Egen(関山慧玄)
Sect:Rinzai sect Myoshin-ji School (臨済宗妙心寺派)
Principal image:Shaka Nyorai (釈迦如来)

Myoshin-ji is located in Hanazono, Ukyo Ward, Kyoto City and is the head temple of the Rinzai sect Myoshin-ji School of Zen Buddhism (禅宗)
myoshinji-05

This temple is the biggest Zen temple in Japan!!
myoshinji-04

A part of the precincts of the temple and the sub-temples have been designated as a historic site, a place of scenic beauty and Michelin green guide ★/★★.
myoshinji-06-2

Next, let’s go to see the highlights of Myoshin-ji!!
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3.Information for visitors

・Photography and video recording are prohibited inside the building of this temple.

・Monopod/Tripods and stepladders are prohibited in this temple.

・The worship method of a Shinto shrine and a Buddhist temple, please refer to the following article.

4.The highlights of Myoshin-ji

This mark ‘*‘ is a pay area.

南総門 (重要文化財):Minami So-mon (south) gate (Important Cultural Property)

This is the Minami So-mon (south) gate which was built in 1610 of the early Edo period, and has been designated as an important cultural property.
This gate has a role as the south entrance of this temple.
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勅使門 (重要文化財):Chokushi-mon gate (Important Cultural Property)

This is the Chokushi-mon gate which was built in 1610 of the early Edo period, and has been designated as an important cultural property.
myoshinji-10

北総門 (重要文化財):Kita So-mon (north) gate (Important Cultural Property)

This is the Kita So-mon (south) gate which was built in 1610 of the early Edo period, and has been designated as an important cultural property.
This gate has a role as the north entrance of this temple.
myoshinji-12

三門 (重要文化財):San-mon gate (Important Cultural Property)

This is the San-mon gate which was built in 1599 of the late Azuchi–Momoyama period, and has been designated as an important cultural property.
This is the only rokaku-style architecture (楼閣建築) painted in vermillion in this temple.
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The statue of Kannon Bosatsu (Guanyin:観音菩薩) and the statues of 16 Rakans (Sixteen Arhats:十六羅漢) are enshrined in this building.
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仏殿 (重要文化財)*:Butsu-den hall (Important Cultural Property)*

This is the Butsu-den hall which was built in 1583 of the Azuchi–Momoyama period, and has been designated as an important cultural property.
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The statue of Shaka Nyorai (釈迦如来) which is the principal image of this temple is enshrined in this building.
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法堂 (重要文化財):Hatto hall (Important Cultural Property)

This is the Hatto hall which was built in 1656 of the Edo period, and has been designated as an important cultural property.
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Very very big Unryu-zu (雲龍図:painting of dragon and clouds) which was designed by Tanyu KANO (狩野探幽) is drawn on the ceiling of this building.
(I extracted this photo from a brochure.)
myoshinji-18-2

庫裏 (重要文化財)*:Kuri (Important Cultural Property)*

This is the Kuri which was built in 1653 of the Edo period, and has been designated as an important cultural property.
This building has a roles as the priest’s living quarters or the kitchen of the temple.
myoshinji-19

玄関 (重要文化財):Genkan (Important Cultural Property)

This is the Genkan which was built in 1654 of the Edo period, and has been designated as an important cultural property.
This structure has a role as the entrance of the Hojo.
myoshinji-20

大方丈 (重要文化財):O-Hojo (Important Cultural Property)

This is the O-Hojo which was built in 1654 of the Edo period, and has been designated as an important cultural property.
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大方丈庭園 (史跡・名勝): O-Hojo garden (Historic Sites・Special Places of Scenic Beauty)

O-Hojo garden has been designated as a historic site, a place of scenic beauty.
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小方丈 (重要文化財):Ko-Hojo (Important Cultural Property)

This is the Ko-Hojo which was built in 1654 of the Edo period, and has been designated as an important cultural property.
This building is not opened to the public.
myoshinji-23

小方丈庭園 (史跡・名勝)): Ko-Hojo garden (Historic Sites・Special Places of Scenic Beauty)

Ko-Hojo garden has been designated as a historic site, a place of scenic beauty.
myoshinji-24

微妙殿:Mimyo-den hall

This is the Mimyo-den hall which was built in 1981 of the Showa period.
Buddhist memorial services are held in this building.
myoshinji-25

鐘楼:Shoro (bell tower)

This is the Shoro (bell tower) which was built in 1696 of the Edo period.
myoshinji-26

The temple bell in Myoshin-ji has an inscription of the year of 698 on the inner side and this is the oldest Japanese temple bell with a confirmed production date.
And it has been designated as a national treasure.
However, because it had a damage, this bell is kept now in the Hatto hall.
Therefore, the current bell is the second generation.
myoshinji-26-2

経蔵 (重要文化財)*:Kyozo (Important Cultural Property)

This is the Kyozo which was built in 1674 of the Edo period, and has been designated as an important cultural property.
The Rinzo (a warehouse to store Buddhist scriptures) is kept in this building.
myoshinji-27

浴室 (重要文化財)*:Yokushitsu (bathroom) (Important Cultural Property)*

This is the Yokushitsu (bathroom) which was built in 1656 of the Edo period, and has been designated as an important cultural property.
myoshinji-28

There is a sauna made of the hinoki tree (a Japanese cypress) in this building.
myoshinji-28-3

寝堂 (重要文化財):Shin-do hall (Important Cultural Property)

This is the Shin-do hall which was built in 1656 of the Edo period, and has been designated as an important cultural property.
It is connected to the Hatto hall by a corridor.
So, it has the role as the waiting room of the Hatto hall.
myoshinji-29

方丈池(前庭) (史跡・名勝):Hojo-ike pond (Front garden) (Historic Sites・Special Places of Scenic Beauty)

There is a pond called Hojo-ike in the front garden of Myoshin-ji.
This garden has been designated as a historic site, a place of scenic beauty.
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蓮池:Hasu-ike (lotus) pond

This is the Hasu-ike (lotus) pond.
A treasure house is built in the center of this pond.
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玉鳳院開山堂 (重要文化財):Gyokuho-in Kaizan-do hall (Important Cultural Property)

This is the Gyokuho-in Kaizan-do hall which was relocated from Tofuku-ji (東福寺) in 1537 of the Muromachi period, and has been designated as an important cultural property.
This is the oldest building in this temple. It is not opened to the public.
myoshinji-32

玉鳳院四脚門 (重要文化財):Gyokuho-in Shikyaku-mon gate (Important Cultural Property)

This is the Gyokuho-in Shikyaku-mon gate which has been designated as an important cultural property.
myoshinji-33

玉鳳院唐門 (重要文化財):Gyokuho-in Kara-mon gate (Important Cultural Property)

This is the Gyokuho-in Kara-mon gate which has been designated as an important cultural property.
This gate was granted in 1409 of the Muromachi period by the Emperor Go-Komatsu (後小松天皇).
myoshinji-34

5.The photos of Myoshin-ji

■Flickr:妙心寺:Myoshin-ji(20170220)

妙心寺:Myoshin-ji(20170220)

6.The goshuin (red seal) of Myoshin-ji

The goshuin of this temple is “Shaka Nyorai (釈迦如来)” which is the principal image of this temple.
We can get this goshuin in the reception desk of O-Hojo. (300 yen)
myoshinji-08

7.How to get to Myoshin-ji

How to get to Myoshin-ji is as follows.

The nearest station of Myoshin-ji is “JR Hanazono Station” or “Randen Kitano Line Myoshin-ji Station”.
(We can also go by bus from ‘JR Kyoto Station’, ‘Hankyu Kawaramachi Station’, and ‘Keihan Gion-Shijo Station’.)

  Timetable and Route Search

■Route Example (From Osaka Station to JR Hanazono Station)
myoshinji-01-en

■Route Example (From Namba Station to JR Hanazono Station)
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■Route Example (From Kyoto Station to JR Hanazono Station)
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■When you go on foot from JR Hanazono Station

It’s about 6 minutes (400m) on foot.

■When you go on foot from Randen Kitano Line Myoshin-ji Station

It’s about 5 minutes (300m) on foot.

■When you get on a bus from JR Kyoto Station

  Timetable and Route Search of bus

・Kyoto Sta.[D3]

・Routes/Destination:26/Bound for Omuro Ninnaji Temple


Bus company:Kyoto City Bus
Routes/Destination:26/Bound for Omuro Ninnaji Temple
Boarding bus stop:Kyoto Sta.[D3]
Alighting bus stop:Myoshinji Kitamon-mae (Myoshinji Temple)
Bus fare:230 yen
Time required:About 42 min

■When you get on a bus from Hankyu Kawaramachi Station

  Timetable and Route Search of bus

・Kyoto City Bus Shijo Kawaramachi [A]

・Routes/Destination:10/Bound for Kitano-tenmangu Shrine


Bus company:Kyoto City Bus
Routes/Destination:10/Bound for Kitano-tenmangu Shrine
Boarding bus stop:Shijo Kawaramachi [A]
Alighting bus stop:Myoshinji Kitamon-mae (Myoshinji Temple)
Bus fare:230 yen
Time required:About 43 min

・Kyoto Bus Shijo Kawaramachi

・Routes/Destination:63/Bound for Arashiyama


Bus company:Kyoto Bus
Routes/Destination:63/Bound for Arashiyama
Boarding bus stop:Shijo Kawaramachi
Alighting bus stop:Myoshinji-mae (Myoshinji Temple)
Bus fare:230 yen
Time required:About 34 min

・Routes/Destination:65/Bound for Arisugawa


Bus company:Kyoto Bus
Routes/Destination:65/Bound for Arisugawa
Boarding bus stop:Shijo Kawaramachi
Alighting bus stop:Myoshinji-mae (Myoshinji Temple)
Bus fare:230 yen
Time required:About 34 min

■When you get on a bus from Keihan Gion-Shijo Station

  Timetable and Route Search of bus

・Shijo Keihan-mae [C]

・Routes/Destination:10/Bound for Kitano-tenmangu Shrine


Bus company:Kyoto City Bus
Routes/Destination:10/Bound for Kitano-tenmangu Shrine
Boarding bus stop:Shijo Keihan-mae [C]
Alighting bus stop:Myoshinji Kitamon-mae (Myoshinji Temple)
Bus fare:230 yen
Time required:About 40 min

■When you take a taxi

From Kyoto Station:2,610 yen ~ 3,210 yen (about 20 minutes)
From Gion-Shijo Station:2,450 yen ~ 2,910 yen (about 15 minutes)

・Let’s show a taxi driver the following phrase.
myoshinji-35

・If you want to call a taxi, let’s show the following phrase.
taxi-call

[Phone number of taxi dispatch : Around the Kyoto Station]*Japanese text only.

8.Hotel search & reservation around Myoshin-ji

How did you like it?

Please try to go to this temple.

Have a nice trip! XD

<Let’s search the sightseeing information of Kansai in Japan on ‘Japan’s Travel Manual‘!!>
<This site introduces the easiest way to get Japanese (Kansai) sightseeing spots to you.>

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