Highlights and how to get to the Mii-dera (Onjo-ji).

Pocket

  • English
  • 日本語
  • 中文(繁體)

miidera-01-txt

Onjo-ji Temple (園城寺) is the head temple of the Tendaijimon Buddhist sect in Otsu City, Shiga Prefecture.

This temple is also called ‘Mii-dera Temple (三井寺)‘, and is better known for this popular name.
This popular name was derived from a temple of ‘Mii’ (a spring water for Emperors), because the sacred spring water was used for ubuyu (a baby’s first bath) for three generations of emperors. ( Emperor Tenchi, Emperor Tenmu and Empress Jito)

The highlight of this temple is the cherry blossoms in spring and the superb view of Lake Biwa.

It is known as one of the most famous cherry blossom viewing spot of Kansai resion because more than 1,000 cherry trees are planted in this temple.
In addition, we can overlook Lake Biwa from the precincts of the temple because it is located on the hill of Lake Biwa.

If you want to see one of the Best superb views in the Kansai Region, please visit this temple.

So, I visited the Mii-dera this time.

Contents:

  1. History of the Mii-dera
  2. About Mii-dera
  3. Information for visitors
  4. Highlights of the Mii-dera
  5. Video and photo of the Mii-dera
  6. Goshuin of the Mii-dera
  7. How to get to the Mii-dera
  8. Hotel search & reservation around the Mii-dera

1.History of the Mii-dera

Let’s study the history of this temple with me before introducing of the Mii-dera.
I think that we can enjoy the sightseeing of this temple more by learning the history of it. XD

Mii-dera was first established as a Uji-dera Temple (temple built for praying clan’s glory) of Ouchi clan in the 7th century, and restored in the 9th century by Enchin (円珍) who was the sect founder of Tendai Jimonshu.

The principal image of this temple is Miroku Bosatsu (Maitreya:弥勒菩薩).
It is said that the Emperor Tenmu granted this image when Mii-dera was founded.
It is an ‘absolute hibutsu‘, so it is still never unveiled even today and is said that no one has ever seen this image.

The keyword that we want to learn in this temple is ‘Phoenix temple.’
Oh, it’s a cool keyword…

But, the history of this temple was full of hardships very much.

The biggest hardship of this temple was the rivalry with the Enryaku-ji Temple.

In those days, Enryaku-ji was a religiously radical temple.
So, not only the other religious sects but also the different faction of the same sect, there were a strong repression from Enryaku-ji.

Both Enryaku-ji and Mii-dera are temples of the Tendai sect.
But within the Tendai sect, confrontation between Enryaku-ji and Mii-dera had continued from old days.

And, conflicts with the Enryaku-ji Temple on Mt. Hiei intensified around the 10th century, and historically, Mii-dera Temple was attacked and burned by devotees of Mt. Hiei several times.
By the end of the mediaeval period, roughly 10 major attacks and burnings such as the one in 1081 by devotees of Mt. Hiei to Mii-dera Temple took place, with the number reaching 50 if one counts all minor skirmishes as well.

Because Enryaku-ji was called ‘Sanmon school’ whereas Mii-dera was called ‘Jimon school,’ the conflict between them was termed ‘Sanmon-Jimon battle’ and so on.

The difficult history of this temple continues…

In 1595, because Mii-dera was angered Hideyoshi TOYOTOMI, it received kessho (confiscation of jiryo (temple estate), actual abolishment of a temple).
(But it is still shrouded in mystery why this temple angered him.)
But, in 1598, just before his death, Hideyoshi approved restoration of this temple.

So, the buildings and the precincts of the current Mii-dera were almost completely prepared in those days.

Because Mii-dera Temple has been survived all these historical crises and restored every time, it is called ‘Phoenix temple.’

2.About Mii-dera


Open:8:00 ~ 17:00
Admission fee:600 yen (Adult), 500 yen (Junior high school ・ High school student), 200 yen (Elementary school student)
Address:246, Onjojicho, Otsu-shi, Shiga, 520-0036, Japan
Phone Number:+81-77-522-2238
Foundation:In the seventh century
Founder:Otomo-no-Yota-no-Okimi(大友与多王)
Sect:Tendaijimon Buddhist sect
Principal image:Miroku Bosatsu (Maitreya:弥勒菩薩)

Onjo-ji Temple (園城寺) is the head temple of the Tendaijimon Buddhist sect in Otsu City, Shiga Prefecture.
miidera-01

This temple is also called ‘Mii-dera Temple (三井寺)‘, and is better known for this popular name.

This temple was founded in the seventh century of the Asuka period.
(It is the same period of the foundation of Horyu-ji Temple.)
miidera-10

It is known as one of the most famous cherry blossom viewing spot of Kansai resion because more than 1,000 cherry trees are planted in this temple.
miidera-08

In addition, we can overlook Lake Biwa from the precincts of the temple because it is located on the hill of Lake Biwa.
miidera-09

An admission fee is 600 yen (Adult).
miidera-07

Next, let’s see the highlights of the Mii-dera!!
miidera-10-2

3.Information for visitors

A reservation is necessary if we want to visit the Kojo-in (National treasure) and the Kangaku-in (National treasure).

 *Japanese text only.

・The worship method of a Shinto shrine and a Buddhist temple, please refer to the following article.

4.Highlights of the Mii-dera

This mark ‘*‘ is a pay area.

仁王門 (重要文化財):Nio-mon gate (Important cultural property)

This is the Nio-mon gate which was built in 1452 of the Muromachi period.
miidera-01

This gate was reconstructed by donation of Ieyasu Tokugawa and was designated as an important cultural property.
miidera-06

釈迦堂 (重要文化財)*:Shaka-do hall (Important cultural property)*

This is the Shaka-do hall which was built in the early Muromachi period.
The principal image is Shaka Nyorai (釈迦如来) and The temple bell of Mii-dera has a popular name called ‘Evening Bell of Mii (三井の晩鐘)’.
miidera-14

金堂 (国宝)*:Kon-do hall (National treasure)*

This is the Kon-do hall which was built in 1599 of the Momoyama period.
It was donated by Kita no Mandokoro (legal wife of Hideyoshi TOYOTOMI) and designated as a national treasure.
miidera-15

光浄院 (国宝)*:Kojo-in (National treasure)*

The Kojo-in was built in 1601 of the Momoyama period and designated as a national treasure.
This building has the highest formality in the sub-temples of Mii-dera.
The inner area is not ordinarily open to the public. (A reservation is necessary if we want to visit.)
nophoto_1280x720

勧学院 (国宝)*:Kangaku-in (National treasure)*

The Kangaku-in was built in 1600 of the Momoyama period and designated as a national treasure.
This building has the role as a place for studying Buddhist doctrines.
The inner area is not ordinarily open to the public. (A reservation is necessary if we want to visit.)
nophoto_1280x720

三井の晩鐘 (重要文化財)*:Evening Bell of Mii (Important cultural property)*

The temple bell of Mii-dera has a popular name called ‘Evening Bell of Mii (三井の晩鐘)‘ and designated as an important cultural property.
miidera-16

It is one of the three most famous temple bells in Japan, along with the ones of Byodo-in Temple and Jingo-ji Temple.
miidera-17

閼伽井屋 (重要文化財)*:Akai-ya (Important cultural property)*

This is the Kon-do hall which was built in 1600 of the Momoyama period and designated as an important cultural property.
The sacred spring water which was used for ubuyu (a baby’s first bath) for three generations of emperors (Emperor Tenchi, Emperor Tenmu and Empress Jito) is gushing out in this building.
miidera-18

霊鐘堂 (重要文化財)*:Reisho-do hall (Important cultural property)*

This is the Reisho-do hall.
miidera-20

The temple bell kept in this building was made in the Nara period.
It is also called ‘the bell dragged by Benkei (弁慶の引き摺り鐘)‘ and designated as an important cultural property.miidera-21

一切経蔵 (重要文化財)*:Issai-Kyozo (Important cultural property)*

This is the Issai-Kyozo which was rebuilt in 1602 of the Momoyama period.
The Rinzo (a warehouse to store Buddhist scriptures) is put in this building, and designated as an important cultural property.
miidera-23

唐院 (重要文化財)*:To-in (Important cultural property)*

The To-in has the role as the grave of Enchin (円珍) who is the restorer of this temple, and the sacred book which was brought by him from the Tang Dynasty of China is kept.
miidera-24

唐院 三重塔 (重要文化財)*:Three-Storied Pagoda of To-in (Important cultural property)*

This is the Three-Storied Pagoda of To-in which was built in 1601 of the Momoyama period.
It was donated by Ieyasu TOKUGAWA and designated as an important cultural property.
miidera-25

唐院 潅頂堂 (重要文化財)*:Kanjo-do hall of To-in (Important cultural property)*
唐院 大師堂 (重要文化財)*:Daishi-do hall of To-in (Important cultural property)*

The building in this side is the Kanjo-do hall of To-in  which was built in 1629 of the Edo period.
The building in the back side is the Daishi-do hall of To-in which was built in 1598 of the Momoyama period.
Kanjo-do hall has the role as a Dojo studio of ascetic practices and Daishi-do hall has the role as a grave of Enchin (円珍).
Both buildings are designated as an important cultural property.
miidera-26

唐院 長日護摩堂*:Goma-do hall of To-in*

This is the Goma-do hall of To-in which was built in the Edo period.
This building has the role as a dojo studio which a Goma (Holy Fire) will be held.
miidera-27

唐院 四脚門 (重要文化財)*:Shikyaku-mon gate of To-in (Important cultural property)*

This is the Shikyaku-mon gate of To-in which was built in 1598 of the Momoyama period, and designated as an important cultural property.
miidera-28

村雲橋*:Murakumo-bashi bridge*

This is a bridge called Murakumo-bashi bridge.
When Enchin (円珍) prayed for rain on this bridge in those days, it is said that a rain cloud is developed from this bridge.
miidera-29

微妙寺*:Bimyo-ji Temple*

This is the Bimyo-ji Temple which is one of the sub-temple of Mii-dera.
miidera-30

Principal image is the eleven-faced Kannon and is the first site on the Kokoku Kannon Pilgrimage of 11 Temples.
miidera-31

毘沙門堂 (重要文化財)*:Bishamon-do hall (Important cultural property)*

This is the Bishamon-do hall which was built in 1616 of the Edo period.
miidera-32

This is a richly colored temple where Bishamonten (Vaisravana:毘沙門天) is enshrined, and designated as an important cultural property.
miidera-33

観月舞台*:Kangetsu (moon-viewing) stage*

This is the Kangetsu (moon-viewing) stage which was built in 1849 of the Edo period.
miidera-36

It is known as a famous place of the moon-viewing from old days.

観音堂*:Kannon-do hall*

This is the Kannon-do hall which was built in 1689 of the Edo period.
miidera-34

Principal image is Nyoirin Kannon (the Bodhisattva of Compassion) and is the 14th site on the 33 Kannon temples in western Japan.
miidera-35

鐘楼*:Shoro (Bell tower)*

This is the Shoro (Bell tower) which was built in 1814 of the Edo period.
miidera-38

The temple bell called Korean bell is hung in this building.
miidera-39

絵馬堂*:Ema-do hall*

This is the Ema-do hall where ema (votive tablets) are dedicated.
miidera-40

5.Video and photo of the Mii-dera

■YouTube:春・桜が満開の三井寺の境内:Precincts of the Mii-dera (Otsu City, Shiga) 

■Flickr:三井寺:Mii-dera (20170413)

三井寺:Mii-dera (20170413)

6.Goshuin of the Mii-dera

This temple has six kinds of goshuin.
I got two kinds of goshuin this time.
miidera-13

This goshuin is “Miroku Bosatsu (Maitreya:弥勒佛)” which is the principal image of this temple.
We can get this goshuin in the Kon-do hall. (300 yen)
miidera-11

This goshuin is “eleven-faced Kannon (十一面観音)” which is the principal image of the Bimyo-ji.
We can get this goshuin in the Bimyo-ji. (300 yen)
miidera-12

7.How to get to the Mii-dera

How to get to the Mii-dera is as follows.

The nearest station of Mii-dera is Keihan Ishiyama-Sakamoto-Line Miidera station.
(We can also go by bus from ‘JR Otsu Station’.)

  Timetable and Route Search

■Route Example (From Osaka Station to Keihan Ishiyama-Sakamoto-Line Miidera station)
miidera-02-en

■Route Example (From Namba Station to Keihan Ishiyama-Sakamoto-Line Miidera station)
miidera-03-en

■Route Example (From Kyoto Station to Keihan Ishiyama-Sakamoto-Line Miidera station)
miidera-04-en

■When you go on foot from Keihan Ishiyama-Sakamoto-Line Miidera station

It’s about 10 minutes (600m) on foot.

■When you get on a bus from JR Otsu Station

Timetable and Route Search of bus

・Keihan Bus Otsu Sta. [3]


Bus company:Keihan Bus
Routes/Destination:
・Route No.26[Bound for Otsukyo Sta.]
・Route No. 66,66A[Bound for Hieidaira]
Boarding bus stop:Otsu Sta. [3]
Alighting bus stop:Miidera
Bus fare:210 yen
Time required:About 10 min

■When you take a taxi

From Kyoto Station:4,610 yen ~ 5,680 yen (about 25 minutes)
From Gion-Shijo Station:4,130 yen ~ 5,120 yen (about 20 minutes)
From JR Ishiyama Station:1,010 yen ~ (about 10 minutes)

・Let’s show a taxi driver the following phrase.
miidera-05

・If you want to call a taxi, let’s show the following phrase.
taxi-call

[Phone number of taxi dispatch : Around the Kyoto Station]*Japanese text only.

[Phone number of taxi dispatch : Around the Otsu Station]*Japanese text only.

8.Hotel search & reservation around the Mii-dera

How did you like it?

Please try to go to this temple.

Have a nice trip! XD

<Let’s search the sightseeing information of Kansai in Japan on ‘Japan’s Travel Manual‘!!>
<This site introduces the easiest way to get Japanese (Kansai) sightseeing spots to you.>

Pocket

Follow on SNS

コメント

Leave a Reply

*