Japanese manga & anime are a culture that Japan boasts to the world.
Then, what is the Japanese oldest manga?
The answer is “鳥獣人物戯画:Choju Jinbutsu Giga (caricatures of frolicking birds, animals and humans)”.
This is the picture scroll which was drawn with a sumi in the early stage of thirteenth century in the Kamakura era from the late stage of twelfth century in the Heian era.
Let’s go to watch this Japanese oldest manga!!
So, this article introduces Kosan-ji Temple where “鳥獣人物戯画:Choju Jinbutsu Giga” is owned.
In addition, Kosan-ji Temple has a lot of highlight!
Because this temple stands in the middle of the mountains of Kyoto, a season of the fresh green and a rainy day are especially beautiful.
(This temple is also beautiful at the time of colored leaves, but is crowded very much.)
Oh…, the weather forecast of the day to go to Kyoto for a trip is “rain”…
In such a case, please get up early, and visit this temple!!
Also, this temple has been designated as the World Heritage List as part of the cultural assets of ancient capital of Kyoto.
Along with Saimyo-ji Temple and Jingo-ji Temple, this temple is one of the “三尾の名刹(Three famous temple in northwest of Kyoto)”.
These temples are located within walking distance from each temples.
･Blog article of Jingo-ji Temple
･Blog article of Saimyo-ji Temple
- About World Heritage ‘Historic Monuments of Ancient Kyoto’
- About Kosan-ji Temple
- Highlights of Kosan-ji Temple (free area)
- The Sekisui-in (National Treasure) and the Choju Jinbutsu Giga (pay area)
- Goshuin of Kosan-ji Temple
- How to get to Kosan-ji Temple
17 places of temples and shrines of Kyoto are designated in ‘Historic Monuments of Ancient Kyoto’.
↓Details of the “Historic Monuments of Ancient Kyoto” is here.↓
Kōzan-ji (高山寺), officially Toganōsan Kōsan-ji (栂尾山高山寺), is a Buddhist temple of the Omuro sect of Shingon Buddhism in Umegahata Toganōchō, Ukyō Ward, Kyoto, Japan. Kōzan-ji is also known as Kōsan-ji and Toganō-dera. The temple was founded by the Shingon scholar and monk Myōe (1173 – 1232) and is renowned for its numerous national treasures and important cultural properties. The Chōjū-jinbutsu-giga, a group of ink paintings from the 12th and 13th centuries, are among the most important treasures of Kōzan-ji. The temple celebrates Biyakkōshin, Zenmyōshin and Kasuga Myōjin, as well as the temple’s tutelary Shintō deity. In 1994, it was registered as part of the UNESCO World Heritage Site “Historic Monuments of Ancient Kyoto“.
Admission Fee：800 yen(Adults),500 yen(Junior high school / high school student),400 yen(Elementary school student)
Adress：8, Umegahata Toganocho, Ukyo-ku Kyoto-shi, Kyoto, 616-8295, Japan
As I said, because this temple is in the recesses of the mountains, as for the season of the fresh green and colored leaves, scenery is particularly beautiful.
In addition, because this temple is inconveniently situated, there are fewer tourists than other world heritages of Kyoto in this temple.
Therefore, this temple is vacant very much in early morning on weekdays.
(However, this situation is excluded at the time of colored leaves.)
Please get on the following buses when you want to go to this temple early in the morning.
■JR bus which departs from Kyoto Station at 7:15.
(You arrive at the destination at 8:06 when you get on this bus.)
*The opening hour of the pay area of this temple is half past 8. Let’s visit the free area until opening hour of the pay area.
I went to this temple in the morning of the rainy day of September on weekdays.
I visited to this temple from 8:00 to 9:30, but the tourist was only me on this day, haha.
Let’s go to Kosan-ji Temple in the morning of the rainy day on weekdays.
Because it was a good chance, I also went to the main approach to a temple.
This is a monument in the entrances of the main approach to a temple.。
The word which is called “栂尾山(Toganosan) 高山寺(Kosan-ji)” is engraved into this monument.
(The mountain name of Kosan-ji Temple is “栂尾山(Toganosan)”.)
There is the Kon-do Hall(金堂) which is the important cultural property of the country when we go to the end of the main approach to a temple.
Shakanyorai (釈迦如来) that is the principal idol of this temple is worshiped in this building.
“Buddha’s footprint stone(仏足石)” is the stone that a footprint of Buddha is carved with.
A double ring is carved in the center of the foot when we watch this stone well.
This ring which is called “Sokugenirinso(足下二輪相)” is one of the physical characteristics of Buddha.
By the way, next topic is the “Choju Jinbutsu Giga(鳥獣人物戯画)”!!
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This veranda has a view of the Mt. Mukaiyama as its background.
Myoe-shonin(明恵上人) composed a famous tanka while looking at this scenery.
「あかあかや あかあかあかや あかあかや あかあかあかや あかあかや月」
If I translate this tanka into English…,
“bright so bright…
bright bright so bright…
bright so bright…
bright bright so bright…
bright so bright moonlight…”
The Kozan-ji Temple is a Chokugan-ji Temple (temple built at the order of the emperor) where the Imperial scroll of ‘日出光 照高山之寺’ was granted it as an Imperial gift from Retired Emperor Gotoba.
This is the imperial scroll.
This is a reproduction of the hanging scroll of the Myoe Shonin-zo (portrait of the monk Myoe). This is also known as ‘Jujo Zazen zo’ (Zen Meditation in a Tree).
The genuine articles of these are now possessed by Kyoto National Museum. And it is designated as a national treasure.
This is the color painting on silk Butsugen-Butsumo-zo (painting) which was created in the early Kamakura period at the end of the 12th century.
The genuine articles of these are also now possessed by Kyoto National Museum. And it is designated as a national treasure.
By the way, it is an introduction of the “Choju Jinbutsu Giga” from here.
The full set of the “Choju Jinbutsu Giga” is configured by four scrolls.
(By the way, these scrolls are a all copy. The genuine articles of these are now possessed by Tokyo National Museum and Kyoto National Museum.)
How do you like it?
I hardly think that it was drawn 800 years ago.
This souvenir is also sold on the Internet until November 20, 2016. (○´艸｀)
●World Heritage ‘Historic Monuments of Ancient Kyoto’
There is no station of the train in the neighborhood of the Kosan-ji Temple.
Thus, we need to use the bus or the taxi to get to the Kosan-ji Temple.
The simplest way get on JR bus from “Kyoto Station”.
■Transfer guidance (train)
Timetable and Route Search(train)
■Transfer guidance (bus)
Timetable and Route Search(bus)
Kyoto Station bus terminal, “Bus Stop:JR3”, JR-Bus “Takao Keihoku line” bound for Toganoo/Shuzan
From “Kyoto Station”→To “Toganoo bus stop” Fare：520 yen
Toganoo bus stop, JR-Bus “Takao Keihoku line” bound for Kyoto Sta.
From “Toganoo bus stop”→To “Kyoto Station” Fare：520 yen
How did you like it?
Please try to go to this temple.
Have a nice trip! XD
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